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||Shields, N., Murdoch, A., Loy, Y., Dodd, K. J., & Taylor, N. F. (2006). A systematic review of the self-concept of children with cerebral palsy compared with children without disability. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 48(2), 151-157.
||cerebral palsy, self-concept, adolescents, esteem, perception, confidence, physical education classes, non-disabled children, body-image, psychological adjustment, siblings
||Background: It is a common assumption that youth with cerebral palsy (CP) experience low self-concept. Self-concept includes the way people think about their physical appearance, social acceptance or athleticism.
Objective: To systematically review the empirical literature on youth with CP and self-concept.
Search strategy: The authors searched electronic databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed) for articles published in English between 1966 to March 2005. Ancestry searching and citation tracking were performed to identify additional relevant papers.
Selection criteria: Studies were included if they met the following criteria: 1) participants had CP and were 18 years of age or less, 2) the study compared children with CP with children without a disability or with normative data, 3) the published study reported data on the variables measured.
Data collection and analysis: Two authors independently reviewed and rated each study using a quality assessment rubric. Six articles were included in the final analysis. The authors compared self-concept outcome measures to calculate the effects sizes and 95% confidence intervals.
Main results: Some youth with CP score lower in self-concept when compared to their non-disabled peers. Self-concept scores for adolescent females were lower in several domains (i.e. physical appearance, social acceptance, athletic competence, scholastic competence).
Conclusions: While there is some evidence of lower self-concept for youth with CP, other studies indicated no significant differences between groups on global measures of self-concept. There is insufficient evidence to assume youth with CP have lower global self-concept compared to youth without disability.
|Link to Full Text:||http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1017/S0012162206000326/epdf|