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1. Citation: Lidal, I. B., Huynh, T. K., Biering-Sørensen, F. (2007). Return to work following spinal cord injury: A review. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29(17), 1341-1375. doi:10.1080/09638280701320839
Keywords: BARRIERS, CLIENT CHARACTERISTICS, EMPLOYMENT, EMPLOYMENT REENTRY, LITERATURE REVIEWS, OUTCOMES, SPINAL CORD INJURIES, VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION, WORK PERFORMANCE, WORKERS WITH DISABILITIES.
Abstract: Background: Advances in rehabilitation and therapy has lead to increased longevity for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Many people with SCI are interested in returning to work (RTW).

Objective: To review the literature on RTW and employment in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), and present employment rates, factors influencing employment, and interventions aimed at helping people with SCI to obtain and sustain productive work.

Search Strategy: The authors searched electronic databases: PubMed/Medline, AMED, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and Sociological Abstracts. Key words used to search for articles included spinal cord injuries, employment, return to work and vocational.

Selection Criteria:
Full-length articles published in English between the years 2000—2006 were considered. Studies were selected that focused on the spinal cord injury and return to work.   

Data Collection and Analysis: The authors extracted data from 123 studies and report on research designs, RTW rates, employment outcomes, and barriers to employment.

Results: Among individuals with SCI, return to work was higher for persons who were injured at a younger age, had less severe injuries and higher levels of functional independence. Several barriers to RTW were reported including transportation, health, and physical limitations.

Conclusions: This review indicates that high unemployment rates persist for persons with SCI. The most successful RTW was reported for consumers at a younger age, with less severe disabilities, and higher levels of functional independence.
Full-Text Availability Options:The publisher of this journal charges a fee.
Link to Full Text:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09638280701320839
Record Updated:2016-07-22
 

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