KT Theories & Frameworks

This area highlights relevant projects, models, frameworks, theories and other valuable resources in the area of knowledge translation. These resources vary from YouTube videos to journal articles and tools and may cover a wide variety of KT strategies and topics.

Level of Knowledge Use Survey (LOKUS) instrument
Working Papers
Vathsala Stone
Working papers I and II describe the rationale and development of the Level of Knowledge Use Survey (LOKUS) instrument at the KT4TT center. The LOKUS instrument seeks to capture knowledge use across diverse and diffuse stakeholder types, and track the progress of uptake through awareness, interest, and use.


  • Re-AIM: A Decade Old and Going…Somewhere The RE-AIM Story
    Russell E Glasgow, Ph.D (2011)
    This PowerPoint outlines the development, features, and application of the RE-AIM framework. RE-AIM (Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance) is designed to enhance the quality, speed, and public health impact of efforts to translate research into practice.

A flexible framework for planning and evaluating early-stage health interventions
Freda N.Gonot-SchoupinskyGulcanGarip (2019)
FRAME-IT is proposed to support: (1) early-stage intervention planning and design, by guiding research focus and data sourcing strategy with relevant constructs; (2) comprehensive evaluation, by including constructs appropriate for early-stage interventions, i.e. feasibility, acceptability, and tailorability; (3) future intervention scalability, by including and adapting some of RE-AIM’s constructs to encourage a smoother translation of research into practice as interventions are scaled-up. FRAME-IT. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2019.101685

Evaluation of CIHR's Knowledge Translation Funding Program
Robert McLean and Joanne Tucker
This report presents key findings and recommendations resulting from an evaluation of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Knowledge Translation (KT) Funding Program. Commercialization programming, although an important aspect of CIHR's KT strategy, is not a part of this study as it is being examined in a separate ongoing CIHR evaluation.

Knowledge Translation: Where Are We? and Where Do We Go From Here?
KT 101 (YouTube Video Part 1of 5)
Ian D Graham, PhD, FCAHS (2013)
This presentation and accompanying Powerpoint outline the importance of knowledge translation, explore different models, and suggest ways to integrate knowledge translation into research itself.

Knowledge Translation: Introduction to Models, Strategies, and Measures
Pimjai Sudsawad, ScD
This paper defines knowledge translation and discusses several models that, together, can be used to delineate components and understand mechanisms necessary for successful knowledge translation. It explores knowledge translation strategies and their effectiveness based on the literature drawn from other health-care fields in addition to rehabilitation. Finally, it presents several methods and approaches to measure the use of research knowledge in various dimensions.

The 'Payback Framework' explained
Claire Donovan and Stephen Hanney (2011)
The Payback Framework is a research tool used to facilitate data collection and cross-case analysis by providing a common structure and so ensuring cognate information is recorded. It consists of a logic model representation of the complete research process, and a series of categories to classify the individual paybacks from research. Its multi-dimensional categorization of benefits from research starts with more traditional academic benefits of knowledge production and research capacity-building and then extends to wider benefits to society.

Canadian Knowledge Mobilization Forum
The Canadian Knowledge Mobilization Forum was founded in 2012 by Knowledge Mobilization Works. Knowledge professionals had a desire to use their work and their research to make more evidence-based decisions regarding programs, policies, practices, and, ultimately a change in behavior to make the world a better place. These reports details how these efforts come together through keynote speakers, presenters and participant activities in the sharing of knowledge and by inspiring an international awareness of the Canadian Knowledge Mobilization profession.