KT Theories & Frameworks

This area highlights relevant projects, models, frameworks, theories and other valuable resources in the area of knowledge translation. These resources vary from YouTube videos to journal articles and tools and may cover a wide variety of KT strategies and topics.

Level of Knowledge Use Survey (LOKUS) instrument
Vathsala Stone

Working papers I and II describe the rationale and development of the Level of Knowledge Use Survey (LOKUS) instrument at the KT4TT center. The LOKUS instrument seeks to capture knowledge use across diverse and diffuse stakeholder types, and track the progress of uptake through awareness, interest, and use.

Re-AIM: A Decade Old and Going…Somewhere The RE-AIM Story
Russell E Glasgow, Ph.D (2011)

This PowerPoint outlines the development, features, and application of the RE-AIM framework. RE-AIM (Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance) is designed to enhance the quality, speed, and public health impact of efforts to translate research into practice.

A flexible framework for planning and evaluating early-stage health interventions
Freda N.Gonot-SchoupinskyGulcanGarip (2019)

FRAME-IT is proposed to support: (1) early-stage intervention planning and design, by guiding research focus and data sourcing strategy with relevant constructs; (2) comprehensive evaluation, by including constructs appropriate for early-stage interventions, i.e. feasibility, acceptability, and tailorability; (3) future intervention scalability, by including and adapting some of RE-AIM’s constructs to encourage a smoother translation of research into practice as interventions are scaled-up. FRAME-IT. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2019.101685

Evaluation of CIHR's Knowledge Translation Funding Program
Robert McLean and Joanne Tucker

This report presents key findings and recommendations resulting from an evaluation of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Knowledge Translation (KT) Funding Program. Commercialization programming, although an important aspect of CIHR's KT strategy, is not a part of this study as it is being examined in a separate ongoing CIHR evaluation.

KT 101: 5-part YouTube series from Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) and Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) - Influenza Research Network (PCIRN)
Ian D Graham, PhD, FCAHS (2013)

This series recorded in 2011 outlines the importance of knowledge translation, explores different models, and suggests ways to integrate knowledge translation into research itself.

Knowledge Translation: Introduction to Models, Strategies, and Measures
Pimjai Sudsawad, ScD

This paper defines knowledge translation and discusses several models that, together, can be used to delineate components and understand mechanisms necessary for successful knowledge translation. It explores knowledge translation strategies and their effectiveness based on the literature drawn from other health-care fields in addition to rehabilitation. Finally, it presents several methods and approaches to measure the use of research knowledge in various dimensions.

The 'Payback Framework' explained
Claire Donovan and Stephen Hanney (2011)

The Payback Framework is a research tool used to facilitate data collection and cross-case analysis by providing a common structure and so ensuring cognate information is recorded. It consists of a logic model representation of the complete research process, and a series of categories to classify the individual paybacks from research. Its multi-dimensional categorization of benefits from research starts with more traditional academic benefits of knowledge production and research capacity-building and then extends to wider benefits to society.

Canadian Knowledge Mobilization Forum

The Canadian Knowledge Mobilization Forum was founded in 2012 by Knowledge Mobilization Works. Knowledge professionals had a desire to use their work and their research to make more evidence-based decisions regarding programs, policies, practices, and, ultimately a change in behavior to make the world a better place. These reports details how these efforts come together through keynote speakers, presenters and participant activities in the sharing of knowledge and by inspiring an international awareness of the Canadian Knowledge Mobilization profession.

Proposed methods for reviewing the outcomes of health research: the impact of funding by the UK's "Arthritis Research Campaign"
Stephen Hanney, Jonathan Grant, Steven Wooding and Martin J Buxon

This article outlines the methods used in a study identifying outcomes from research funded by the Arthritis Research Campaign. Ultimately, it confirms the applicability of the methods for a full study that should enable the Arthritis Research Campaign to demonstrate the outcomes from its funding and provide it with evidence to inform its own policies.

Conducting retrospective impact analysis to inform a medical research charity’s funding strategies: the case of Asthma UK
Stephen Hanney, Amanda Watt, Theresa H Jones and Leanne Metcalf

This paper describes the various impacts identified from a range of Asthma UK research, and explores how Asthma UK utilized the characteristics of successful funding approaches to inform future research strategies. The authors systematically demonstrate that all types of funding approaches included in the study are making an impact at different levels, but that the main societal impacts from projects and fellowships come from a minority of those funded.