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1. Citation: Stone, V. L., Nobrega, A. R., Lane, J. P., Tomita, M. R., Usiak, D. J., Lockett, M. M. (2014). Development of a measure of knowledge use by stakeholders in rehabilitation technology. SAGE Open Medicine, 2, 1-20. DOI: 10.177/20503121455433
Title: Development of a measure of knowledge use by stakeholders in rehabilitation technology
Author(s): Stone, V. I.
Nobrega, A. R.
Lane, J. P.
Tomita, M. R.
Usiak, D. J.
Lockett, M. M.
Year: 2014
Journal/Publication: SAGE Open Medicine
Abstract: Abstract
Uptake of new knowledge by diverse and diffuse stakeholders of health-care technology innovations has been a persistent challenge, as has been measurement of this uptake. This article describes the development of the Level of Knowledge Use Survey instrument, a web-based measure of self reported knowledge use.

The Level of Knowledge Use Survey instrument was developed in the context of assessing effectiveness of knowledge communication strategies in rehabilitation technology. It was validated on samples representing five stakeholder types: researchers, manufacturers, clinician–practitioners, knowledge brokers, and consumers. Its structure is broadly based on Rogers’ stages of innovation adoption. Its item generation was initially guided by Hall et al’s Levels of Use framework. Item selection was based on content validity indices computed from expert ratings (n1=4; n2=3). Five representative stakeholders established usability of the web version. The version included 47 items (content validity index for individual items >0.78; content validity index for a scale or set of items >0.90) in self-reporting format. Psychometrics were then established for the version.

Analyses of data from small (n=69) and large (n=215) samples using the Level of Knowledge Use Survey instrument suggested a conceptual model of four levels of knowledge use—Non-awareness, Awareness, Interest, and Use. The levels covered eight dimensions and six user action categories. The sequential nature of levels was inconclusive due to low cell frequencies. The Level of Knowledge Use Survey instrument showed adequate content validity (≈0.88; n=3) and excellent test–retest reliability (1.0; n=69). It also demonstrated good construct validity (n=215) for differentiating among new knowledge outputs (p<0.001) and among stakeholder types (0.001<p≤0.013). It showed strong responsiveness to change between baseline and follow-up testing (0.001<p≤0.002; n=215).

The Level of Knowledge Use Survey instrument is valid and reliable for measuring uptake of innovations across diffuse stakeholders of rehabilitation technologies and therefore also for tracking changes in knowledge use.

Copyright © (2014) Stone, V.L. et al. Abstract reprinted by AIR in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license at

Type of Item: Planning Instrument
Type of KT Strategy: Survey
Target Group: Research Funders
Evidence Level: 3
Record Updated:2015-01-13