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1. Citation: Chambers, D., Wilson, P., Thompson, C., Harden, M. (2012). Social network analysis in healthcare settings: A systematic scoping review. PLoS ONE, 7(8). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041911
Title: Social Network Analysis in Healthcare Settings: A Systematic Scoping Review
Author(s): Chambers, D.
Wilson, P.
Thompson, C.
Harden, M.
Year: 2012
Journal/Publication: PLoS ONE
Abstract:

Background

Social network analysis (SNA) has been widely used across a range of disciplines but is most commonly applied to help improve the effectiveness and efficiency of decision making processes in commercial organisations. We are utilising SNA to inform the development and implementation of tailored behaviour-change interventions to improve the uptake of evidence into practice in the English National Health Service. To inform this work, we conducted a systematic scoping review to identify and evaluate the use of SNA as part of an intervention to support the implementation of change in healthcare settings.

Methods and Findings

We searched ten bibliographic databases to October 2011. We also searched reference lists, hand searched selected journals and websites, and contacted experts in the field. To be eligible for the review, studies had to describe and report the results of an SNA performed with healthcare professionals (e.g. doctors, nurses, pharmacists, radiographers etc.) and others involved in their professional social networks. We included 52 completed studies, reported in 62 publications. Almost all of the studies were limited to cross sectional descriptions of networks; only one involved using the results of the SNA as part of an intervention to change practice.

Conclusions

We found very little evidence for the potential of SNA being realised in healthcare settings. However, it seems unlikely that networks are less important in healthcare than other settings. Future research should seek to go beyond the merely descriptive to implement and evaluate SNA-based interventions.

Copyright © 2012 Chambers et al. Abstract reprinted by AIR in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.

WEB URI:

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0041911

Type of Item: Systematic Review/Meta-Analysis
Type of KT Strategy: Social Network Analysis
Target Group: Healthcare Professional
Evidence Level: 5
Record Updated:2013-07-18
 

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