||van Velzen, J. M., van Bennekom, C. A. M., Edelaar, M. J. A., Sluiter, J. K., & Frings-Dresen, M. H. W. (2009). Prognostic factors of return to work after acquired brain injury: A systematic review. Brain Injury, 23(5), 385-395. doi:10.1080/02699050902838165
This review analyzes the prognostic factors of return to work (RTW) in previously employed people with traumatic and non-traumatic acquired brain injury (ABI). To be included in the review, studies must have examined possible prognostic factors of RTW, included subjects 18-65 years of age, and have been conducted between 1992 and 2008. Twenty-two qualifying studies were evaluated for methodological quality and strength of evidence. This review identifies strong evidence that subject gender, depression, anxiety, anatomic location of injury, severity of injury, and inpatient length of stay had either no association, or a negative association, with RTW. Further, this review identifies weak evidence to support a focus on “ability to perform activities of daily living,” “residual physical deficits/higher disability level,” and “number of associated injuries” in rehabilitation activities.