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||Valent, L., Dallmeijer, A., Houdijk, H., Talsma, E., & van der Woude, L. (2007). The effects of upper body exercise on the physical capacity of people with a spinal cord injury: A systematic review. Clinical Rehabilitation, 21(4), 315-330. doi:10.1177/0269215507073385
||ergometer training-program, arm cranking exercise, quality-of-life, wheelchair ergometer, work capacity, cardiorespiratory fitness, pulmonary-function, individuals, rehabilitation, paraplegics
This review analyzes the effects of upper body training in people with paraplegia or tetraplegia. To meet inclusion criteria, studies must have used physical capacity peak oxygen uptake or peak power output as outcome measures, included no more than 25% of subjects with an impairment other than a spinal cord injury, and trained subjects’ upper extremities without including functional electrical stimulation as part of the training protocol. Twenty-five studies met the inclusion criteria. Of these studies, close to 50% were of poor methodological quality. As a result, the review concludes that there is inconclusive evidence to support controlled upper body exercise as a way to increase the physical capacity of people with spinal cord injury.
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|Link to Full Text:||http://cre.sagepub.com/content/21/4/315.abstract|