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||Verdonschot, M. M. L., de Witte, L. P., Reichrath, E., Buntinx, W. H. E., & Curfs, L. M. G. (2009). Community participation of people with an intellectual disability: A review of empirical findings. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53, 303-318. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01144.x
||community participation, intellectual disability, mental-retardation, developmental-disabilities, learning-disabilities, social networks, birth cohort, adults, employment, integration, outcomes, perspective
This review investigates the community participation of people with an intellectual disability. Studies were evaluated using predefined criteria relating to domestic life, interpersonal interactions and relationships, major life areas and community, civic and social life. Twenty-three studies met the review criteria. The review notes that the average social network of a person with an intellectual disability (ID) is consists of 3.1 people, that people with ID are 3-4 times less likely to be employed than people without a disability, and that people with ID are less likely to participate in community groups. The review also finds that research into community participation is rarely based on a theoretical framework. Because of this, the review concludes that the existing research is inconclusive, and that ultimately little is known about the community participation of people with ID.
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|Link to Full Text:||http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01144.x/abstract|