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Registry of Systematic Reviews - Search Results

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1. Citation: Heyn, P., Abreu, B. C., & Ottenbacher, K. J. (2004) The effects of exercise training on elderly persons with cognitive impairment and dementia: A meta-analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85, 1694-1704.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, dementia, exercise, meta-analysis, rehabilitation
Abstract: Background: Dementia and cognitive impairment are a major cause of disability among elderly persons in the United States. Persons with dementia and cognitive impairments may benefit from exercise and physical activity. However, there have been no meta-analytic studies on the effectiveness of exercise for this population.

Objectives: To determine whether physical exercises are beneficial for persons with dementia and related cognitive impairments.

Search strategy: The authors conducted a search of data sources to locate relevant articles published from 1970 to 2003. The following databases were searched: PubMed, MEDLINE, Ageline, CINAHL, PsycLIT, PsycINFO, Sport Discuss (SIRC/CDC), Cochrane Register, and PEDro.

Selection criteria: Included studies used randomized trials with a non-intervention control or comparison group or control or comparison period. All studies focused on evaluating exercise in persons 65 or older.

Data collection and analysis: The search procedures generated over 300 studies. A total of 30 articles were selected for the synthesis. Two reviewers used a standardized abstraction form and the PEDro Scale to rate the quality of each study.

Main results: The authors report four categories of physical fitness outcomes (cardiovascular fitness, strength outcomes, flexibility outcomes, and BMI outcomes). Overall, the findings suggest that exercise training can improve participants’ health-related fitness and cognitive functioning.

Conclusions: Exercise is positively associated with beneficial outcomes (i.e., fitness, physical function, cognitive function, and positive behavior) among elderly persons with dementia and related cognitive disabilities.
Full-Text Availability Options:This article is available from NARIC.
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NIDILRR Affiliation:Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Research Training Program
Record Updated:2016-07-27

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