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1. Citation: Shi, Z., Zhou, H., Lu, L., Pan, B., Wei, Z., Yao, X. . . . Feng, S. (2018). Aquatic exercises in the treatment of low back pain: A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of eight studies. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97(2), 116-122.
Keywords: Back pain, exercise, literature reviews, musculoskeletal disorders, physical fitness, physical therapy, therapy
Abstract: Study systematically analyzed all evidence available in the literature about the effectiveness of the aquatic exercise in the management of low back pain (LBP). A comprehensive search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health databases was conducted from their inceptions to November 2016 for randomized controlled trials that included therapeutic aquatic exercise for LBP. The results were expressed in terms of standardized mean difference and the corresponding 95-percent confidence interval. Eight trials involving 331 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed a relief of pain (standardized mean difference = −0.65, 95-percent confidence interval = −1.16 to −0.14) and improvement in physical function (standardized mean difference = 0.63, 95-percent confidence interval = 0.17 to 1.09) after aquatic exercise. However, there was no significant effectiveness with regard to general mental health in aquatic group (standardized mean difference = 0.46; 95-percent confidence interval = −0.22 to 1.15). The findings suggest that aquatic exercise can statistically significantly reduce pain and increase physical function in patients with LBP. Further high-quality investigations on a larger scale are required to confirm the results.
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Record Updated:2018-10-22

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