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||Hardee, J.P., & Fetters, L. (2017). The effect of exercise intervention on daily life activities and social participation in individuals with Down syndrome: A systematic review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 62, 81-103.
||Body movement, community integration, daily living, dance therapy, down syndrome, equilibrium, exercise, health promotion, intellectual disabilities, interpersonal relations, intervention, literature reviews, mobility, motor skills, outcomes, physical fit
||This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of exercise intervention on daily life activities and social participation in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Six electronic databases (CINHAL, Cochrane, ERIC, PEDro, PubMed, and PsycINFO) were searched to identify relevant articles. Nineteen studies met the inclusion criteria. The American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM) levels of evidence and an Intervention Clinical Appraisal Form were used to independently assess study quality and outcome measures were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). A total of 525 individuals participated across the 19 studies, with 428 participants with DS and 97 participants without DS. The quality of the studies ranged from AACPDM Level I–IV and Intervention Clinical Appraisal Form scores of 4 to 10. A meta-analysis was not conducted due to heterogenity of studies. Across the studies, a range of exercise interventions are reported to increase an individual with DS’s participation and activity levels, including bike riding, dancing, judo training, and strength training. More specifically, there are many positive outcomes from exercise intervention reported across all studies, including those classified as improvements in the Body Structure and Function, Activity, and Participation domains of the ICF. Overall, exercise intervention was supported for both daily life activities and social participation. However, more rigorous research studies are needed across the lifespan using objective outcome measures for ICF levels to provide a more complete analysis of the impact of exercise intervention on daily life activities and social participation in individuals with DS.
|Full-Text Availability Options:||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28119223|