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||Monge-Pereora, E. Ibanez-Pereda, J., Alguacil-Diego, I. M., Serrano, J. I., Spottorno-Rubio, M. P., & Molina-Rueda, F. (2017). Use of electroencephalography brain-computer interface systems as a rehabilitative approach for upper limb function after a strike: A systematic review. PM & R, 9(9), 918-932.
||Body movement, brain, computers, electrophysiology, intervention, limbs, literature reviews, motor skills, outcomes, stroke
||Study reviewed all available studies that assess an upper-limb (UL) intervention based on an electroencephalography (EEG) brain-computer interface (BCI) system in stroke, analyzed the methodological quality of the studies, and determined the effects of these interventions on the improvement of motor abilities. Searches were conducted in PubMed, PEDro, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial from inception to September 30, 2015. The articles were selected according to the following criteria: studies evaluating an EEG-based BCI intervention, studies including patients with a stroke and hemiplegia, interventions using an EEG-based BCI to restore functional abilities of the affected UL, and studies using validated tools to evaluate motor function. The methodological quality was assessed using the Critical Review Form for Quantitative Studies. The articles were classified according to the levels of evidence and grades of recommendation established by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine. Thirteen articles that involved a total of 141 stroke patients were included in this review: 4 studies were randomized controlled trials, 1 study was a controlled study, 4 studies were case series studies, and 4 studies were case reports. The methodological quality of the included papers ranged from 6 to 15, and the level of evidence varied from 1b to 5. Despite the heterogeneity in the participants and the BCI interventions carried out in the studies considered, the overall results suggest that BCI interventions may be potentially beneficial in improving motor abilities in subjects with stroke.
|Full-Text Availability Options:||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28512066|