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1. Citation: Stergiou, A., Tzoufi, M., Ntzani, E., Varvarousis, D., Beris, A., & Ploumis, A. (2017). Therapeutic effects of horseback riding interventions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96(10), 717-725.
Keywords: Animal, body movement, developmental disabilities, intervention, literature reviews, neuromuscular disorders, outcomes, physical disabilities, sports, therapy
Abstract: The purpose of this review was to determine whether therapeutic riding and hippotherapy improve balance, motor function, gait, muscle symmetry, pelvic movement, psychosocial parameters, and the patients' overall quality of life. Equine-assisted therapies, such as therapeutic riding and hippotherapy, are believed to have positive physical and emotional effects in individuals with neuromotor, developmental, and physical disabilities. A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE, CINAHL, MBASE, SportDiscus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, PEDro, DARE, Google Scholar, and Dissertation Abstracts. Only studies with a control/comparison group or self-controlled studies performing pre-intervention and post-intervention assessment were included. Sixteen trials met the inclusion criteria. The methodologic quality of each study was evaluated using Downs and Black quality assessment tool. Most of the studies showed a trend toward a beneficial effect of therapeutic riding and hippotherapy on balance and gross motor function. The meta-analysis showed improvement in both the Berg Balance Scale and the Gross Motor Function Measure in therapeutic riding and hippotherapy programs. Overall, programs such as therapeutic riding and hippotherapy are clearly a viable intervention option for patients with balance, gait, and psychomotor disorders.
Full-Text Availability Options:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28252520
Record Updated:2018-10-30
 

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