|Plain Language Summary:
Plain Language Title
A scoping review go over, check of workplace accommodations for individuals with disabilities
Review go over, check Question
How are workplace accommodations for individuals with disabilities represented in current research? What types of workplace accommodations are reported in this research? How do workplace accommodations vary change, shift among individuals with different types of disabilities?
Workplace accommodations include a wide range of supports for individuals with disabilities. Accommodations may include communication devices, accessible available, on hand, understandable, usable (handicapped) bathrooms, flexible moving easily, stretch easily, bend and stretch without hurting; bendable, able to bend work schedules, or any number of formal or informal supports. Understanding the landscape of workplace accommodations may help measure the impact of programs that support employment of individuals with disabilities.
The review go over, check includes studies published between 2001 and 2014.
This scoping review go over, check includes 47 studies covering 433 types of accommodations. To be included, studies had to focus on adults over age 18, take place in the United States, and be published in English in a peer-reviewed journal. The review go over, check included qualitative research, focus groups, case studies, surveys, experimental studies, and literature reviews. The review go over, check excluded articles that simply described guidelines or ideas for providing accommodations.
90RT5013 (formerly H133B100030): RRTC on Employment Policy and Measurement
The most common types of workplace accommodations in current research are assistive technology and specialized equipment, such as footrests or modified keyboards. The next most common accommodations are changes to job requirements needs, regulations or the way a job is performed. The least common accommodations are changes to workplace policy (such as the use of sick and vacation time) and human assistance (such as job coaches). Studies did not address informal supports, such as the way a supervisor might model social skills in the workplace. It is not clear whether informal supports count as workplace accommodations in the research literature.
Most frequently, studies focused on supports for individuals with physical body, bodily, real disabilities, especially arthritis. pain in joints; disease illness, sickness of the joints that causes swelling, pain, heat, and a sense of stiffness The review go over, check did not find many accommodations for individuals with sensory, cognitive, or psychiatric disabilities. Seven articles focused on employers? perceptions of workplace accommodations.
Use of Statistics
The review go over, check does not include statistical analysis.
Quality of Evidence
Most studies used small sample sizes and qualitative methods, such as focus groups or interviews. The goal of the scoping review go over, check is to assess review, sum up, evaluate, to determine figure out, decide, find out, test value, find how accommodations are represented in the research literature, not to evaluate the effectiveness of accommodations.