|Plain Language Summary:
Plain Language Title
A systematic planned out, orderly, regular review go over, check of occupational therapy treatment action, medicine, therapy for adult cancer survivors: Part 2. Interventions for participation in daily life activities
Review go over, check Question
How effective works well, good, strong are cancer rehabilitation programs that focus on occupational therapy?
Cancer can interrupt stop, break many activities of daily living, such as work, social participation, and rest. Occupational therapy treatment action, medicine, therapy involves a broad range of interventions to help adult cancer survivors participate take part, join, share in daily life. This review go over, check focuses on the benefits of the following after four types of interventions:
- Multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs use a team approach that includes occupational therapy, physical body, bodily, real therapy, and other allied health professions.
- Psychosocial interventions may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, stress physical strain, mental strain, pressure, worry management, and educational interventions about illness and side effects, to name a few examples.
- Return-to-work interventions may use job-related training, exercise, or many other strategies to improve work-related outcomes.
- Interventions for sexuality might be useful for patients with prostate gland in male body that makes semen cancer or for couples dealing with a cancer diagnosis. finding out the cause of an illness, condition, disease, medical answer
Included studies were published between 1995 and 2014.
Studies had to focus on occupational therapy treatment action, medicine, therapy for adults with cancer. Included studies were peer-reviewed and published in English. The review go over, check excluded studies focusing on caregivers, family members, or friends of cancer survivors. The review go over, check also excluded studies of childhood cancer and interventions that required an academic degree other than occupational therapy treatment action, medicine, therapy (for example, music therapy). Fifty-two articles met the inclusion criteria.
Strong evidence indicates that multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs can improve participation and functioning for cancer survivors with many types of cancer. Strong to moderate medium, mild, controllable evidence suggests that psychosocial interventions (such as cognitive-behavioral and educational interventions) can improve anxiety, depression, and quality of life.
Few studies address interventions on return-to-work or sexuality. Moderate medium, mild, controllable evidence supports interventions on return-to-work for cancer patients. Programs that combine job-related support with exercise may be particularly effective. works well, good, strong Moderate medium, mild, controllable evidence also suggests that exercise can improve outcomes related to sexuality.
Overall, there is strong or emerging evidence to support occupational therapy treatment action, medicine, therapy for cancer survivors. But occupational therapy treatment action, medicine, therapy includes a broad range of interventions. More research is needed to assess review, sum up, evaluate, to determine figure out, decide, find out, test value, find specific practices.
Use of Statistics
The review go over, check does not report detailed statistical analysis.
Quality of Evidence
The review go over, check assessed the quality of the evidence using a standard five-point scale. Almost all articles were in the top category, which includes randomized controlled trials, systematic planned out, orderly, regular reviews, and meta-analyses. The review go over, check excluded articles in the bottom category, which covers case reports and expert opinions. Evidence was strongest for multidisciplinary and psychosocial programs because only a few articles addressed return-to-work or sexuality.