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1. Citation: Carvalho, I., Pinto, S. M., Chagas, D. V., Santos, J. L. P., Oliveira, T. S., & Batista, L. A. (2017). Robotic gait training for individuals with cerebral palsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 98(11), 2332-2344. 
Keywords: Ambulation, cerebral palsy, literature reviews, mobility training, motor skills, outcomes, rehabilitation technology, robotics
Abstract: This systematic review identified the effects of robotic gait training practices in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). The search for relevant articles was performed in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Medline (OvidSP), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, Scopus, Compendex, IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, Academic Search Premier, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database. Studies were included if they fulfilled the following criteria: (1) they investigated the effects of robotic gait training, (2) they involved patients with CP, and (3) they enrolled patients classified between levels I and IV using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFS). The information was extracted from the included articles using the descriptive-analytical method. The Critical Review Form for Quantitative Studies was used to quantitate the presence of critical components in the articles. To perform the meta-analysis, the effects of the intervention were quantified by effect size. The functional tests used in the meta-analysis were the 10-Meter Walk Test, Six-Minute Walk Test, and Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) dimension D (standing) and dimension E (walking, running, and jumping). Of the 133 identified studies, 10 met the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis showed positive effects on gait speed, endurance, and gross motor function. Furthermore, the data suggest that this improvement is best observed in people with CP classified at levels I and II of GMFCS. The results suggest that robotic gait training benefits people with CP, specifically by increasing walking speed and endurance and improving gross motor function.
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Record Updated:2018-11-13

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