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||Watzlaf, V. J. M., Zhou, L., Dealmeida, D. R., & Hartman, L. M. (2017). A systematic review of research studies examining telehealth privacy and security practices used by healthcare providers. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 9(2), 39-58.
||Client records, health care, health personnel, literature reviews, professionals, safety, service delivery, telecommunications
||This systematic review examined current privacy and security practices used with telehealth technologies by healthcare providers in the United States. A literature search was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P). Searches of PubMed, CINAHL and INSPEC databases from 2003 to 2016 returned 25,404 papers (after duplications were removed). Papers were selected by two independent reviewers, first per inclusion/exclusion criteria and, where there was disagreement, a third reviewer was consulted. The percentage of agreement and Cohen’s kappa was 99.04 percent and 0.7331 respectively. A total of 21 published papers which reported on privacy and security practices used by healthcare providers using telehealth were included in the final full-text review. Data on confidentiality, integrity, privacy, informed consent, access control, availability, retention, encryption, and authentication were retrieved from the papers examined. The papers were published from 2004 to 2016 and included several types of telehealth specialties. Sixty-seven percent were policy type studies, and 14 percent were survey/interview studies. There were no randomized controlled trials. Based upon the results, the authors conclude that more studies with specific information about the use of privacy and security practices when using telehealth technologies are needed, as well as studies that examine patient and provider preferences on how data is kept private and secure during and after telehealth sessions.
|Full-Text Availability Options:||https://telerehab.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/Telerehab/article/view/6231|
Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC): From Cloud to Smartphone – Accessible and Empowering ICT.