Plain Language Title
How participation is measured in disability and rehabilitation research: A preliminary early, not final, initial report from a systematic planned out, orderly, regular scoping review
Review go over, check Question
How do researchers measure participation in disability and rehabilitation research?
Participation has recently become a key outcome in disability and rehabilitation research. But there are many ways to define and measure participation. For example, participation might mean working at a job or fulfilling a family role, depending on the context. Understanding how participation is used in current research may help to plan future research.
The review go over, check begins with articles published in 2001. The review go over, check was conducted on March 28, 2009.
The review go over, check initially identified 586 articles that addressed disability and participation. Articles were excluded if they did not report a specific measure of participation or data on participation, if they focused on caregiver participation or "labor force participation" (a specific economic concept) or if they addressed only participation in a treatment action, medicine, therapy process or research project.
Seventy-two articles met the final inclusion criteria. The studies included an average of 8,285 people thanks to a few outliers with a very large number of respondents. The average age of participants was 44.9 years. Most studies included participants with a range of disabilities.
H133B060018: Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Measurement and Interdependence in Community Living (RRTC/MICL); 90RT5000 (formerly H133B080023): Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities
The review go over, check found 67 ways of measuring participation. About one third of these measures were based on a model from the International Classification of Function, Disability, and Health (ICF). The ICF model focuses on participation, as opposed to disability, as the outcome of an individual's interaction with the environment. all the things around you in your daily life, at home and at work, world around you, your home
Most studies used "static" measures, meaning that they measured participation at a single point in time and did not consider the participant?s environment. all the things around you in your daily life, at home and at work, world around you, your home Also, most studies used self-reported information information, to learn more from participants to measure participation. About two thirds of studies took place outside of the United States. The authors suggest that researchers in the United States have been slower to adopt participation concepts.
Use of Statistics
This study does not present give, send, now, show, here detailed statistical analysis.
Quality of Evidence
Few studies included in the review go over, check used rigorous hard experimental methods. The authors recommend advise, suggest, urge, says that researchers pursue experimental methods to assess review, sum up, evaluate, to determine figure out, decide, find out, test value, find ways to improve participation.