||Gould, R., Parker Harris, S., Caldwell, K., Fujiura, G., Jones, R., Ojok, P., Perez Enriquez, K. (2015) Beyond the law: A review of knowledge, attitudes and perceptions in ADA Employment Research. Disability Studies Quarterly 35(3),
|Plain Language Summary:
What is this paper about?
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides the legal basis for individuals with disabilities to challenge unequal treatment. action, medicine, therapy When the ADA was passed in 1990, supporters hoped that the law would raise awareness about disability rights and create a culture of acceptance. The idea was that employers (and others) would come to embrace the law, making legal enforcement less necessary. needed But many individuals with disabilities still face discrimination in everyday life. This review go over, check seeks to understand know, to get whether the ADA has influenced knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about the employment of individuals with disabilities.
What studies were included?
As a first step, the authors conducted a scoping review go over, check of ADA research. The scoping review go over, check included English language studies related to the ADA that took place in the United States after 1990. Studies were not included if they simply reported well-known facts or if they were based on opinion or anecdotal evidence. The authors then conducted a rapid evidence review, which is faster and more limited than a systematic planned out, orderly, regular review. go over, check They included any study from the scoping review go over, check that contained an original analysis related to employment and that met a minimum standard of evidence.
What are the findings of this review?
Overall, this review go over, check concludes that the ADA has not changed employers? attitudes about hiring individuals with disabilities. Knowing more about the ADA does not appear to influence employers? hiring decisions. Employers may meet the law?s minimum requirements, but they worry about the costs of accommodations, changes to ?workplace culture,? and possible legal disputes. These fears about the ADA have not changed much since 1990. The review go over, check finds that people with disabilities have become more aware of their rights under the ADA, which may help them advocate fight for, support, support person for themselves in the workplace. But for individuals with more stigmatized disabilities or more complex accommodation needs, applying the ADA is often more difficult.
What do the findings of the review go over, check mean?
This rapid evidence review go over, check lays the groundwork for a systematic planned out, orderly, regular review go over, check that the authors hope to perform do, carry out, act in the future. As it stands, the review go over, check finds that employers keep to the letter of the law without embracing the spirit of the law. This limits what the ADA can accomplish. do, finish Even if employers do not clearly break the law, individuals with disabilities can still face prejudice in the workplace. The authors recommend advise, suggest, urge, says making information information, to learn more about the ADA more accessible available, on hand, understandable, usable (handicapped) to individuals with disabilities so they can better advocate fight for, support, support person for themselves. They also support a shift change toward more universal and flexible moving easily, stretch easily, bend and stretch without hurting; bendable, able to bend employment practices, instead of focusing on the minimum requirements needs, regulations of the ADA.